FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
DEPARTMENT OF PLANT BREEDING AND GENETICS
Plant breeding and genetics are concerned with the evolution of superior varieties of crops. Its mainstay is the genetic adjustment of crop plants to social, economic and technological aspects of the environment.
The discovery of agriculture was the first biggest step towards a civilized life.
Agriculture is considered the backbone of Pakistan's economy. It is one of the ancient and productive sectors of human activity. Providing food, feed, shelter, and clothing have been the goal of agriculture for decades. Department of Agriculture at MCKRU was established in October 2020 with a strong commitment to impart high standard quality education with great quality of research related to the burning problems of the agriculture sector to the youth of the country in general and the province of Balochistan in particular, to face the future challenges of the new millennium in Crop Production and Crop Protection sciences to produce high order professionals with academic excellence.
The department offers B.Sc. (Hons.) Agri. Sciences (four years degrees). The students who get admission to the Department of Agriculture must study general agriculture subjects during their First and Second years (1st to 4th semester). From the third year (5th-8th semester), students have to choose one major in these six areas of agriculture such as Agronomy, Plant Breeding and Genetics, Soil Science, Horticulture, Plant Pathology and Entomology, to study and conduct their research. In the 8th semester, students are sent to well-known agricultural research institutes across the country to conduct their research and prepare the report. Besides this, the Department of Agriculture owns a large area for conducting field experiments and a well-established lab where students can perform their experiments in fully research-based environments.
With the hard work of the faculty of Agriculture, I feel proud to say that at this stage, our undergraduate students are performing multiple experiments in the lab and field and conducting research under the supervision of their qualified mentors. Our students can scout for various pests and diseases in the area at this stage.
There are numerous job opportunities for agriculture graduates in government and private sectors such as Federal Departments of Agriculture Research, Provincial Department of Agriculture (Research and Extension Wing), Seed corporation of Pakistan, Soil testing and tissue culture and genetic engineering laboratories, Cut flower industries, Sugar mills, Private pesticide, fertilizer and seed companies, Universities, Collages and commercial banks of Pakistan.
I want to welcome the students who wish to decorate their future with their dreams and with enthusiasm to bring revolution in the field of agriculture. Students come and get admission to the department of Agriculture to bring a change in the standards of the farming community of Balochistan.
Dr. Ghulam Hussain Jatoi
Department of Agriculture
VISSION & MISSION
To be one of the leading agricultural universities of Pakistan with a mandate to ensure food security and to reduce rural poverty through quality education and research in the main sub-sectors of agriculture, viz., field crops, orchards and vegetables.
To provide opportunities for outcome-based learning and to develop a research environment in agriculture for the rural youth of Balochistan province. The Department’s overall aim is to focus on the improvement of quantitative and qualitative traits of cereal, fibre and oilseed crops, the production of model crop videotapes suitable for cultivation in different agro-environments of the Balochistan province and ultimately, the development of a technology package to enhance the capabilities of farmers for various crops. The major beneficiaries of the agriculture department are (Sibi, kohlu, Dera Bugti, Ziarat, Harnai, Naseerabad, Jaffarabad, Jhal Magsi, Mastung, Bolan, Kachi, Quetta, and other districts) and a maximum number of seats will be allocated to these districts. To stimulate the intellectual participation of youth in the agricultural and professional development of Balochistan. The main objectives of the Agriculture Department are as follows:
Job Opportunities for the Graduates from Agriculture Department
The prime motive behind establishing the agriculture department is to promote the rapid transfer of technology to the farming community through a continued output of graduates. The graduates disseminate the modern technological know-how to the farmers to boost agricultural productivity.
The main job opportunities are as under: Agricultural graduates may be taken up to work as farm managers in Agricultural Estates. Work as specialists in various disciplines of Agriculture and allied sciences in public and private sector organizations, autonomous and semi-autonomous bodies viz, Zarai Tarqiati Bank (ZTBP) of Pakistan, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), Pakistan Council for Research on Water Resources (PCRWR), WAPDA, Fruit Preservation and Grading Industries, etc. Their services can also be utilized in provincial and federal departments of Agricultural Extension, Research, Teaching, Forestry, Plant Protection, Plant Quarantine, Pakistan Central Cotton Committee, Public Parks and Gardens, Agricultural Tools and Machines, Seed Corporations, EPA, SCARP, Sugar Corporation, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, and other departments. They may be taken up as agriculture teachers/subject specialists to teach agriculture and agro-technical courses in High Schools and other vocational institutes of education departments. The job-oriented graduates can share the business and management of agro-based industries like fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, sugar and jute mills, and cotton factories.
They can also find access to the Agricultural Census, Agricultural Marketing, Pakistan Broadcasting departments, other corporations and commercial Banks, Agro-Economic Research, and Social Welfare Departments. Job opportunities may also be availed for the graduates of this University in various special projects sponsored by agencies like the National Planning Commission, USAID, FAO, Ford Foundation, National Talent Pool, and agriculture consultancy firms. Agricultural degree holders may seek employment in foreign countries, especially the least developed countries with ongoing agricultural development activities. In this connection, the Agriculture department is also engaged in training students from developing countries. Besides, the graduates of the Agriculture department are eligible to apply for competitive examinations held by the Provincial and Federal Public Service Commissions for the administrative, secretariat and other superior services of Pakistan.
The Department's overall aim is to focus on the improvement of quantitative and qualitative traits of cereal, fibre and oilseed crops, the production of model crop ideotypes suitable for cultivation in different agro-environments of the Sindh province and ultimately, the development of a technology package to enhance the capabilities of farmers for various crops. The specific objectives are:
- Impart academic and research training in Plant Breeding and Genetics at undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate levels.
- Plan and undertake basic and applied research on cereals and other major crops.
- Produce quality seeds of wheat, cotton and vegetable crops for distribution to farmers of Sindh province.
- Establish linkages with local, national and international research and educational organizations to undertake collaborative assignments.
- Development/evolution of genetically improved cultivars/hybrids and other breeding material.
- Improve quantitative and qualitative traits of crop species.
BSC. (AGRI.) HONS. P-III & P-IV
SEMESTER WISE COURSE DISTRIBUTION
PLANT BREEDING & GENETICS
Title of Course
B.Sc (Agri) Hons. P-III 5th Semester
Principles of Genetics
Breeding of Field Crops
Fundamentals of Plant Biometry
Breeding of Vegetables Crops
Breeding for Crop Quality Traits
B.Sc (Agri) Hons. P-III 6th Semester
Breeding of Maize, Millets and Sorghum
Breeding of Oilseed and Tobacco Crops
Modern Techniques in Plant Breeding
Breeding of Sugar Crops
B.Sc (Agri) Hons. P-IV 7th Semester
Breeding of Cereal crops
Breeding of Pulse Crops
Breeding of Fodder and Forage Crops
Experimentation in Plant Breeding
Principles of plant breeding Genetics
B.Sc (Agri) Hons. P-IV 8th Semester
Fundamentals of Research & Scientific Writing
Breeding of Fibre Crops
Biodiversity and Plant Genetic resources Resources Taxonomy
Internship and Report Writing